Maritime CISE (Common Information Sharing Environment) is a process of collaboration to enhance relevant information sharing between maritime surveillance authorities and their information systems in the European Union.
Maritime CISE is to increase the efficiency, quality, responsiveness and coordination of surveillance operations in the European maritime domain and to promote innovation, for the prosperity and security of the EU and its citizens. It will ensure that information collected by one maritime authority and considered necessary for the operational activities of other authorities can be shared instead of being collected and produced several times. Maritime CISE will equip all parties with new resources, shared empowerment and enhanced awareness.
Maritime surveillance covers the seven following functions:
In each Member-State, these functions are carried out by different national authorities according to national administrative organisation.Led by Member States and assisted by the European Commission as part of DG MARE’s mission for Integrated Maritime Policy, Maritime CISE action will enhance Member States’ awareness and ability to respond better to any and all situations as they happen, anywhere within EU jurisdictional waters or in the EU maritime domain.
Maritime CISE actively encourages all Member States, authorities and stakeholders to share information whenever it's relevant, as neither military or civilian capabilities alone can provide sufficient effective, efficient and timely information as regards the maritime environment.
CISE protocols will improve overall safety and security throughout Europe, and foster decentralised, information-centric decision making, through the provision of multi-use and multi-purpose information sets.
CISE addresses the information needs which are not already covered, and so is developed in full consistency with existing policies and systems in the field of maritime information such as:
Europe depends on Safe, Secure and Clean seas. Over 40% of Europe’s population and economic activity concentrated within 50 km of the coast. 80% of external EU trade and 40% of our internal trade is carried by sea. Thus, the security and safety of our maritime domain is paramount to all aspects of daily life, including the constant supply to our ports and harbours.
As we increasingly depend on the thousands of activities that happen daily at sea, we need a new and collaborative approach to ensuring that our people, our environments and our economic interests are duly protected. Maritime threats are not restricted to coastal Member States: any person, substance or cargo can reach anywhere in the EU within short hours after having entered by sea, and, what is more, all Member States depend on safe commerce by sea and marine environmental services (among many others). Maritime CISE will give Europe the enhanced knowledge, improved situational awareness and cooperative planning needed to ensure our coasts and sea lanes of communication are kept clear and open to legitimate activities. Maritime CISE means more prevention, and improved decisions and responses against threats such as cross border terrorism, piracy, environmental crimes, trafficking of people or substances, and illegal fishing. It will provide tangible benefits not only for European citizens, but also our neighbours and partners, contributing to better global governance.
Through more effective and efficient sharing of maritime information across borders and surveillance authorities, a noticeable and rapid reduction of such threats would be achieved.
Currently many different Member States, authorities and private businesses are engaged in gathering data about the maritime environment, but not one has a complete overview of the situation. By working together, this can be improved. For example: much of the data collected is duplicated in some way by one Member State or organisation; this figure is on average as high as 40%. Couple this with a lack of sharing and communicating across sectors and borders, and the duplication of costs and the need for Maritime CISE becomes apparent.
In this globalised era, with threats to shipping and borders ever evolving and changing, the need for awareness in the maritime domain, wherever it may be, is essential for the continued security and welfare of Europe. With Maritime CISE, our ability to recognise and deal with any threat is exponentially increased, and the costs for Member States reduced, allowing for more awareness, better decisions and faster responses in any given situation.
EMSS/CISE four core principles:
1. A cross-sectoral approach To improve coordination/ Building a technical framework for interoperability
2. Functional integrity To build on existing mandates/ Information Exchange between civilian and military authorities
3. Maritime multilateralism To promote better cooperation/ Interlinking all relevant user Communities
4. Respect for rules and principles To respect rule-based good governance/ Specific legal provisions
The state of accomplishment of the CISE Roadmap is depicted in the following diagram:
EUCISE2020 is a Security Research project of the European Seventh Framework Program; it aims at achieving the pre-operational Information Sharing between the maritime authorities of the European States. The aim is to create a political, organizational and legal environment to enable information sharing across the seven relevant sectors/user communities (transport, environmental protection, fisheries control, border control, general law enforcement, customs and defense) based on existing and also on future surveillance systems/networks with a view to achieve a fully operational CISE - Common Information Sharing Environment. EUCISE 2020 is an important milestone in the roadmap for implementation of the European CISE - Common Information Sharing Environment.
Pursuing the cooperation started with pilot projects, the preparatory work of the TAG (Technical Advisory Group) and the results of the Cooperation project launched by DG MARE, the overall objective of EUCISE2020 is to progress towards establishing a forward operating vision of CISE more stable and innovative, functionally and geographically larger, and more shared by different communities of European public and private stakeholders. CISE will support further cross-border and cross-sector operational cooperation between public authorities -including EU Agencies- in the execution of the defined maritime functionalities, with a focus on information sharing across sea-basins.
EUCISE2020 project takes its steps from the lessons learnt both from BluemassMed and MARSUNO pilot projects, at functional, operational and technical/technological level, both from European projects completed or in progress, at sectorial level or at cross-sectorial basin-wide; besides, EUCISE2020 includes the results of the joint effort made through the Cooperation Project in defining use cases, data model and information services for data exchange; the value of the tangible experiences of participants is crucial for the success of this follow-up project.
The POV (Pre-Operational Validation) is in line with the EU Integrated Maritime Policy and the EU Maritime Security Strategy, respecting the Treaty principles and the competition rules. It aims at stimulating national authorities and the industry to converge for the development and test of interoperable information sharing tools, in order to validate solutions for cross-sector and cross-border information exchange.
EUCISE2020 aims at achieving the following specific objectives:
EUCISE2020 is funded by the European Commission DG ENTERPRISE and is under the strategic direction of DG MARE, owner of the Integrated Maritime Policy and the implementation of the CISE. The implementation plan consists of three consecutive phases (except for a partial overlapping between Phase 2 and Phase 3) devoted to the different types of activities that need to be carried out during the overall extended project duration of 48 months:
Phase 1 - Definition of user requirements to achieve the common information sharing system;
Phase 2 - Implementation, testing and demonstration of CISE pre-operational platform, with the support of a consortium of European companies chosen through a European public tender;
Phase 3 - Evaluation of capabilities built and their demonstrated benefits for European society and economy; proposed standardization and governance to achieve a sustainable large-scale operation of the implemented solutions.
Primary mission of EUCISE2020 is to support the EU Maritime Situational Awareness capability by means of an Information Sharing Environment capable to implement adequate security measures and protocols ensuring the confidentiality, integrity and availability of the data required and transmitted in the CISE community.
EUCISE2020 will not affect the functionalities of the operational information systems belonging to the participating Public Authorities or of the European existing sectorial information systems.
Blue lines (image above) depict flows of information within the CISE community, while the red dashed lines depict flows of information within the legacy systems belonging to single Public Authorities.
The network topology of EUCISE2020 is based on the CISE hybrid vision concept (see fig. A). Each Member State and Community can adopt one of the following paradigms:
- Single-way approach: All Public Authorities of a Member State are connected to the EUCISE2020 Network through a single access point
- Multiple-way approach: Public Authorities of a Member State are connected to the EUCISE2020 Network through different access points
In order to organize knowledge according to the service perspective, and to facilitate harmonization of services across multiple domains (or across multiple architectures), the EUCISE2020 Services are organized in four classes:
These services are implemented under different procurement frameworks: Core, Common and Advanced services in the framework of LOT1 contract, Innovative services in the framework of LOT2 contract.
The EUCISE2020 environment enables the interoperability of national or European legacy systems belonging to Public Authorities of Member States by means of three components:
In compliance with CISE Hybrid Vision Architecture (see Fig.A), three different system configurations of the EUCISE2020 network architecture will be implemented:
Configuration A: single Public Authority belonging to a single Member State will connect to EUCISE2020 contributing with a single Legacy System
Configuration B: each Public Authority of the same Member State taking part in the EUCISE2020 information exchange connects its own Legacy System to a dedicated Adaptor; several Adaptors connect to a EUCISE2020 Gateway type B that will access the EUCISE2020 Network.
Configuration C: Public Authorities belonging to the same Member State connect their Legacy Systems to the EUCISE2020 Network through a single EUCISE2020 Node type.
[Logical Architecture of EUCISE2020 Configurations A, B and C: Inside the red line components developed through the European tender; Outside the red line interfaces developed through the national procurements.]
The EUCISE2020 project progresses rapidly towards demonstrating the added value of CISE, in line with its original vision as the pillar of the Integrated Maritime Policy, with a genuine approach to neutral cross-sector and cross-border interoperability between national systems based on a voluntary collaborative process. Information sharing between EEA authorities and Agencies involved in maritime surveillance is key to address concurrently maritime safety and security as well as to maximise awareness and response. Enhanced maritime awareness will increase the efficiency, quality, responsiveness and coordination of surveillance operations in the EU maritime domain and promote innovation, for the prosperity and security of the EU and its citizens.
At the end of the project, the participating authorities and the European Institutions will obtain clear evidence of the cost/effectiveness of the approach. Moreover, the project has the potential to create important market opportunities worldwide for the European industry and establish a clear leadership in this area.
The activities of EUCISE2020 are implemented and managed by a consortium of 39 partners from 15 different European countries; the project coordinator is the Italian Space Agency (ASI). Maritime authorities, universities, research institutes and other different organizations are involved. The project attains the widest possible experimental environment of innovative and collaborative processes between European maritime institutions.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement nr. 608385